A Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism (Concise Encyclopedia of by Klaus K. Klostermaier

By Klaus K. Klostermaier

With entries on every little thing from Manu to Gandhi and the Ramesvaram to the Himalayas, this is often a useful reference e-book.

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Extra resources for A Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism (Concise Encyclopedia of World Faiths)

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Aiÿvarya (‘lordship’) One of the six transcendental attributes of VIÆŒU according to RÄMÄNUJA. ) The most important Mogul ruler. He was sympathetic to Hinduism and tried to establish a new universal religion with large borrowings from Hinduism. akhäõä (‘division’) Unit of armed Hindu SÄDHUS, whose function was to protect SAMNYÄSIS from attack. Since samnyäsis had to renounce violence and were not allowed to carry weapons, they could not defend themselves against either rival sects or ordinary robbers.

She spent her days in worship, composing hymns and refused to accept anyone but Vi•æu as her husband. A festive ceremony was arranged to marry her to Vi•æu at ŸRÏRA¢GAM. When she approached the image, she mysteriously disappeared into it. A temple was built in her honour at Ÿrïvilliputtur where her songs are sung daily. anuräga (‘passionate love’) One of the (higher) forms of BHAKTI. apara jñäna (‘lower knowledge’) A kind of cognition that is still associated with objects and therefore not capable of liberating its practitioner.

Bhandarkar, Ramkrishna Gopal (1837–1925) One of India’s foremost early ‘modern’ Indologists, trained both in the Hindu pandit tradition and at Western universities. He had a brilliant academic and public career as professor of Sanskrit at Elphinstone College in Bombay, the Deccan College in Poona, a member of the syndicate and later vice-chancellor of the University of Bombay, member of the Viceroy’s Legislative Council, knighted in 1911. At the occasion of his 80th birthday in 1917 the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute was officially inaugurated.

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