By Marianne W Jorgensen, Louise Phillips
A scientific creation to discourse research as a physique of theories and strategies for social learn. Introduces 3 ways and explains the unique philosophical premises and theoretical views of every method. Softcover to be had.
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Extra info for Discourse Analysis as Theory and Method
Subject Positions As mentioned in Chapter 1, interpellation was Althusser’s suggestion for an alternative to the classical Western view of the subject. Individuals are interpellated or placed in certain positions by particular ways of talking. If a child says ‘mum’ and the adult responds, then the adult has become interpellated with a particular identity – a ‘mother’ – to which particular expectations about her behaviour are attached. In discourse theoretical terms, the subjects become positions in discourses.
And by examining the competing ascriptions of content to the floating signifiers, we can begin to identify the struggles taking place over meaning. In that way, we can gradually map the partial structuring by the discourses of specific domains. What signs are the objects of struggle over meaning between competing discourses (floating signifiers); and what signs have relatively fixed and undisputed meanings (moments)? In contrast to Saussure, who saw the uncovering of the structure as the goal of science, Laclau and Mouffe’s discourse theory is interested in analysing how the structure, in the form of discourses, is constituted and changed.
With Gramsci, consciousness is determined instead by hegemonic processes in the superstructure; people’s consciousness gains a degree of autonomy in relation to the economic conditions, so opening up the possibility for people to envisage alternative ways of organising society. But, according to Gramsci, it is still the economic conditions that control the phenomena of the superstructure in the final instance for it is the economy that determines people’s true interests and the division of society into classes.