Oxygen in the Animal Organism. Proceedings of a Symposium by Frank Dickens, Eric Neil

By Frank Dickens, Eric Neil

Oxygen within the Animal Organism is a compilation of papers awarded through the symposium on Oxygen within the Animal Organism, together subsidized by means of the foreign Union of Biochemistry and the overseas Union of Physiological Sciences, held at Bedford collage, London in September 1963.

The e-book presents a multidisciplinary method of the examine of the topic of oxygen within the animal organism. The papers provided disguise a variety of proof and hypotheses at the topic. themes mentioned comprise stories within the delivery of oxygen; the basic physics and chemistry of oxygen; the diffusion of oxygen from the capillaries to the mitochondria; the neural and humoral elements to the legislation of air flow; and the evolution of biochemical pathways for oxygen.

Biologists, biochemists, biophysicists, physiologists, and researchers will locate the textual content informative and insightful.

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Extra resources for Oxygen in the Animal Organism. Proceedings of a Symposium Held Under the Joint Auspices of the International Union of Biochemistry and the International Union of Physiological Sciences, London, 1963

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In this way the carbamino reactions tend to counter the usual Bohr effects. This theory accounts semi-quantitatively for the new results so far observed, but in order to put it on a firmer basis it is necessary to have more accurate determinations of HbNHCOO ", 0 2 HbNHCOO " and of the constants Kc and Kz for human Hb and 0 2 Hb. Fuller work is currently being devoted to this end. Further studies are also necessary in regard to the possible combination of HCO$ ions with Hb and 0 2 Hb, and the magnitude of the role such combinations may play under physiological conditions.

There seems to be a certain divergency between the gill area reported forfishesby Gray and by later workers, who have found somewhat less respiratory area per gram of fish. Wikgren(46) estimated an area of about 600 mm2 per gram in 100 g lamprey. Air-breathing fish are found to have a reduced surface area of their gills compared with those of the purely water-breathing fish (Schöttle(40)). OXYGEN UPTAKE BY THE GILLS Due to the structure of the gills, the percentage of oxygen extracted from the water is quite high, and Van Dam reported utilizations from 50-80 per cent under ordinary conditions.

A . V. HILL, Proc. Roy. Soc, B 104, 39 (1929). 11. G. THEWS and W. , 268, 318 (1959). 12. F . J. W. ROUGHTON, Trans. Faraday Soc, 56, 1085 (1960). 13. J. A. SIRS, / . Appl. Physiol, 18, 175 (1963). 14. R . A. B. HOLLAND and R. E. FORSTER, Fed. Proc, 21, 442 (1962). 17. 18. 19. P. F . SCHOLANDER and E. HEMMINGSEN, Science, 132, 1379 (1960). J. W. PROTHERO and A. C. , 1, 565 (1961). J. W. PROTHERO and A. C. , 2, 199, 213 (1962). 20. A. K L U G , F . KREUZER and F . J. W. ROUGHTON, Proc. Roy. Soc, B 145, 452 (1956).

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